Reports on Afghanistan

Relevant external links on the present situation in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan's modern history

Islamists, Leftists – and a void in the Center. Afghanistan’s Political Parties and where they come from (1902-2006), by Thomas Ruttig
History of the political parties, from the start in the early 20th century to the present.

North Afghanistan

The Ethnitication of an Afghan Faction: Junbesh-i-Milli from its origins to the Presidential Elections, by Antonio Giustozzi
About warlord and vice president Abdul Rashid Dostum and his party Jumbesh.

The Networks of Kunduz, by Nils Wörmer
About militant/military networks and alliances, and tensions in Kunduz province.    

South Afghanistan

Tribes and Warlords in Southern Afghanistan, 1980-2005, by Antonio Giustozzi & Noor Ullah 
About tribes and warlords that formed modern history in south Afghanistan.

Western Afghanistan

The miss ingredient: Non-ideological insurgency and State collapse in Western Afghanistan, by Antonio Giustozzi
Background to the present situation in western Afghanistan. The collapse of the state and non-idelogical insurgency before the fall of the communist regime in 1992.

Hazarajat’s History

Divide and rule; State penetration in Hazarajat (Afghanistan) from the Monarchy to the Taliban, by Niamatullah Ibrahimi
About Hazarajat’s relation to central power from monarchy to Taliban rule in the 1990's.

The Failure of a Clerical Proto-State: Hazarajat, 1979 – 1984, by Niamatullah Ibrahimi
About the the attempts to form a religious mini state in Hazarajat 1979-84.

At the Sources of Factionalism and Civil War in Hazarajat, by Niamatullah Ibrahimi
Background to present situation in Hazarajat. Antagonism and fighting between groups after state collapse in the area 1979.

The Dissipation of Political Capital Among Afghanistan’s Hazaras: 2001-2009, by Niamatullah Ibrahimi
About the Hazara party Hezb-e Wahdat.

Women's rights

Justice through the Eyes of Afghan Women: Cases of Violence against Women Addressed through Mediation and Court Adjudication
UN report on violence against women and women's rights. About official rights and laws and possibilities in practice.

A Way to Go: An Update on Implementation of the Law on Elimination of Violence against Women in Afghanistan
A follow-up report from UNAMA (United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan) about the law on Eliminating Violence A gainst Women (EVAW) and how it is implemented.

Afghanistan’s National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325-Women, Peace, and Security
Afghanistan's national actoin plan to implement UN resolution 1325 from 2015 to 2022.

Sharia and Women’s Rights in Afghanistan, by Anastasiya Hozyainava,
Report on women's rights according to islamic and Afghan law. The difference between the law and reality. The importance of adhering to the law and getting acceptance for women's right by putting them in an islamic context.

Silence is Violence End the abuse of Women in Afghanistan
Report on violence against women. Partly based on interviews with victims of violence, human rights and women's rights activists and representatives for women's rights organisations.

Human rights

Amnesty International: Afghanistan 2015
Amnesty International's yearbook on Afghanistan 2015/2016

Stop Reporting or We’ll Kill Your Family
Report from Human Rights Watch 2015 about the threats against freedom of speech; harassment, threats and attacks on journalists and the Afghan government's failure to investigate ande prosecute the perpetrators.

“Just Don’t Call It a Militia” Impunity, Militias, and the “Afghan Local Police”
Report  from Human Rights Watch 2011 on local militia and”Afghan Local Police”.

“Troops in Contact” Airstrikes and Civilian Deaths in Afghanistan
Report from Human Rights Watch on US and NATO bombings and civilian casualties in Afghanistan during the second half of the 2000s.

The Human Cost
Report from Human Rights Watch from 2007 about the consequences of increased bombings by opposition groupsmostly by Taliban och Hezb-e Islami. Contains interviews with civilian victims and their families.

By the Numbers
Report from Human Rights Watch and other organizations  from 2006 from The Detainee Abuse and Accountability Project, about torture on prisoners in US custody in Iraq, Afghanistan and at Guantanamo.

Casting Shadows: War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity: 1978-2001
Report from Afghanistan Justice Project on war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by different parties, in different wars between 1978 and 2001.

Blood-Stained Hands Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan’s Legacy of Impunity
Report from Human Rights Watch on human rights violations committed by militia from different Afghan political factions that fought for power of Kabul in the civil war in the 1990's.

A Call for Justice: National Consultation on Past Human Rights Violations in Afghanistan
Report from Afghanistans Indepent Human Rights Commission AIHRC 2005 about popular viewss on justice for the victims of human rights abuse and war crimes.  Should the perpetrators be forgiven or punished?

Today We Shall All Die
Report from Human Rights Watch on the impunity of some of the powerful men who are responsible for gross violations of human right.

Narkotika

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 UNODC Cultivation and production 
UNODCs (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) annual report on opium production in Afghanistan 2015.

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 Executive Summary UNODC
Executive summary of the above report.

Afghanistan Opium Survey 2015 Socio Economic Analysis UNODC
UNODCs (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) socio-economic analysis of opium production in Afghanistan 2015

Impacts of drug use on users and their families in Afghanistan UNODC April 2014
UNODCs (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime) report on drug abuse in Afghanistan and its consequences.

Briefing Note on Fieldwork in Kandahar Province, Opium and Rural Livelihoods, by Paul Fishstein
About drug production in Kandahar province in south Afghanistan. Based on a field work byPaul Fishstein.

Politics and security

The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security - Report of the Secretary-General. 
The second quarterly report to the security council 2016 on the situation in Afghanistan.

The situation in Afghanistan and its implications for international peace and security
The first quarterly report to the security council 2016 on the situation in Afghanistan.

Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict UNAMA Annual Report on Afghanistan 2015
UNAMA's (United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan) annual report on civilian casualties in Afghanistan 2015.

Survey of the Afghan People 2015 Asia Foundation
Asia Foundation's public opinion poll 2015 in Afghanistan.

Helmand (2) The chain of chiefdoms unravels, by Rahmatullah Amiri
Report on the critical political and military situation in strategic Helmand province in south Afghanistan.

The Haqqani Network From Pakistan to Afghanistan, byJeffrey A. Dressler
The Haqqani network a designated terrorist organization and insurgency group fighting against the Afghan stat. A report on the organization and its roots in the 1980s.

Afghan National Army after ISAF, by Antonio Giustozzi
Report on the critical condition of the Afghan national army.

Talking to the other side, by Antonio Giustozzi & Ashley Jackson
About the taliban's organization and structure; their views on aid and their relations to aid organizations.

Governance in Afghanistan An Introduction, byAarya Nijat
A guide to governance in Afghanistan and how the Afghan state is meant to work. 

The Taliban’s winning strategy in Afghanistan, byGilles Dorronsoro
Report from 2009 on the taliban's efforts to gain popular support.

Why do men join the Talibans and Hizb-i-Islami? How much do local communities support them? by Sarah Ladbury
A survey from 2009 on why some men choose to support or even join the taliban.

Social conditions

Afghanistan Millennium Development Goals 2012
Report from the Afghan Ministry of Economy in December 2013 on the progress in implementing the millenium development goals in Afghanistan. 

Afghanistan Development Update 2015 World Bank October 2015
The World Bank report on Afghan economy and poverty in the country 2015.

Why Do Children Undertake the Unaccompanied Journey
A report from Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU) on why unaccompanied minors are smuggled to Europe.

NATIONAL RISK AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT 2011 - 2012 Draft Afghanistan Living Conditions Survey UNDP
UNDP's last report on living conditions in Afghanistan.